Roma Civil Monitor - Background
In 2011 the European Commission and then the Council adopted an EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies up to 2020, and the member states developed either national Roma integration strategies or integrated sets of policy measures within broader social inclusion policies (hereafter together: NRIS).
Monitoring of the implementation of NRIS includes the following core elements:
- Since 2012 the Commission reports annually on the implementation of NRIS. In even years (2012, 2014, 2016) the report included both also details by member state.
- Since 2016 also member states report to the Commission annually on the implementation of NRIS. Reports of member states are not public (unless a given member state makes its report public).
- The Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) prepares surveys regularly to measure progress on the ground (see 2012, 2016).
In past years also various NGOs and NGO coalitions prepared civil society monitoring reports – or 'shadow reports' – with their information and assessment. E.g. comprehensive civil society monitoring was coordinated by the Decade of Roma Inclusion Secretariat, covering 11 member states in 2013-2014.