The conference “Past and Present: Is There Anything New with Anti-Americanism Today?”, held in December 2004 at Central European University in Budapest, was the first in a series of three international conferences planned as part of a three-year research project on the political consequences of anti-Americanism. The project, coordinated by the Center for Policy Studies, was launched at the beginning of 2004 with the fundamental aim to promote a critical investigation of the forms, functions, and consequences of anti-Americanism today. Speakers have been invited to discuss some of the differences between anti-Americanism in the late 1960s and early 21st century. These issues were presented over two days in three separate panels. The first panel addressed the issue of “old” and “new” anti-Americanism in Europe, the second panel focused on regions and countries outside of Europe, while the final panel investigated the relationship between anti-Americanism and antisemitism.