Quality in Gender+ Equality Policies: State of the Art and Mapping of Competences Report: Lithuania

TitleQuality in Gender+ Equality Policies: State of the Art and Mapping of Competences Report: Lithuania
Publication TypeReport
AuthorsPilinkaite-Sotirovic, Vilana
Place of PublicationBudapest

In Lithuanian academic discourse, the focus on gender and gender equality developed within the
context of the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the transition to a market economy, and Lithuania’s
integration into the European Union. The emerging scholarly work in Lithuania on gender in the
1990s can be characterized by emphases on: the Soviet-era gender order and gender roles carried
over from this period, and the (re-)emergence of traditional, conservative, and neo-familial
ideologies that have been concerned primarily with redefining public/private boundaries and the
gender roles within this dichotomy. Gender, as analytical category, became the subject of inquiry
among social historians and scholars of literary and cultural studies who published academic articles
in the journal Feminism, Society, Culture, in 1999-2002. Much academic research challenging traditional
gender roles has been completed by sociologists, social demographers, and some by legal scientists
during the EU enlargement period. It should be noted that research on gender equality by political
scientists and economists is limited in Lithuania, except for a very few that deal with women’s
political rights and participation in public and with gendered budgeting.
In general, the development of an academic discourse on gender equality in Lithuania has been
shaped by the importing of international (western) theoretical discourses. These theories have been
used to analyze empirical data on the participation of women and men in the public sphere, legal
instruments, and institutional mechanisms for preventing discrimination against gender and public
opinion on gender equality

Full Text

This State of the Art report has the goal of assuring that the QUING researchers start their research using the knowledge that is already available on gender equality policies in a country. In this sense, the State of the Art is a classic literature review, relevant to the different building blocks of the QUING project (LARG, WHY and STRIQ). Added to this, some information is included that facilitates the preparation of the activities in FRAGEN. This report is structured the following way: In the first part a short assessment is made of the annotated bibliography that can be found in the second part of this report. In the second part of the report one will find the actual annotated bibliography. This part maps the most important relevant academic studies and other policy-related literature (reports by IO, INGOs, experts etc.) about each country. The annotated bibliography has been divided into four separate sections. One section covers studies relating to gender equality policies, the following one is on non-employment related articles, the next one is on intimate citizenship related articles and the final one is on gendered violence related articles. In all sections, the accent is on studies that focus on the gender equality aspects of policies relating to these issues. The four sections themselves have been divided into country language studies and English language studies. Comparative studies can be found under a separate heading within these language groups. Next to the bibliography, this part also contains a section relating to the OPERA part of the QUING project in which the most relevant gender training literature that has been produced in the country (e.g. gender equality manuals, gender mainstreaming manuals, gender impact assessment guides) is listed. There is a section related to the FRAGEN part in the QUING project listing the archives or documentation centers specialized in gender equality policies on national level.

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